White Fragility

Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism

This is a necessary book for all white people. DiAngelo begins by defining “white fragility”—identifying the condition by which white people respond to challenges of their racial worldview with fear, anger, and defensiveness. Those reactions serve to derail and deflect, upholding racial hierarchies while often simultaneously claiming to be morally opposed to them. DiAngelo dissects how white fragility works, and provides lucid anti-racist strategies for white people to deploy against it. Throughout, DiAngelo is clear-eyed about the challenge of defeating white supremacy, including when drawing from her own experiences. But she isn’t here to forgive: the book serves as a well-articulated and pressing demand for white people to do the work of dismantling white supremacy—starting in their own minds.